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The Perceived Group Inclusion Scale (PGIS)


The Perceived Group Inclusion Scale (PGIS) includes 16 items designed as a tool to measure inclusion for research. It was demonstrated to have both nomological and predictive validity. 


PGIS is used for psychological research and can be administered to varied groups (found equivalent for students and employees, men and women, cultural majority and minority) 

Typical Performance

We do not know of any published results with typical performance. As the LASSO platform collects more data, we will be able to offer better guidance on student performance.


The PGIS was developed to support inclusion research. The validation has focused on convergent and discriminant validity in order to determine the nomological and predictive validity. Tests were examined for common method bias. Relevant articles are listed below:

      Jansen, W. S., Otten, S., van der Zee, K. I., & Jans, L. (2014). Inclusion: Conceptualization and measurement. European journal of social psychology, 44(4), 370-385.


We recommend using Google Scholar and the citations listed under validation to find articles of interest.

Example LASSO Report

Please follow this link to our example report for concept inventories.

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